Tuesday, April 24, 2012

チャイルドケア

この夏に大学でやっている短期コースを受けに行こうと思っています。
それに伴いハナ子をデイケアに入れようと思っています。

7週間で、週2日のクラスなので1ヶ月半くらい週2の体験になります。

ウチの近くに、モンテソーリ学校という名のデイケア、幼稚園があり創立者の名前かと思ったら近辺に数ヶ所モンテソーリを名乗る場所があり、何なのかウィキペディアをみました

教育の仕方か。子ども中心に学んでもらうのか。

今朝もハナ子がこれがしたいからこっちに来て、としつこく言ってきたのに対し、メールチェックするんだからあっち行っててよ、と対応した自分が即座に蘇り、すでに2年も誤った教育を(私中心の教育)してきたと後悔。

学校で教育論のようなことは習ったとしても、それは一般論理想論として頭に入り、そういう風に自分も子どもに接し素晴らしい人間を創り上げよう、と若き頃は考えノートをとっていたけれど実際その時になると、いや教室で学んだ時から月日が過ぎた時点でそういう論の存在を忘れて、子どもがいればいるで自分の付属物として子どもを扱っていく生活に自然となっていくのです。

2歳の時点で、近所にモンテソーリなりなんらかの教育者の名前を目にするきっかけがあり、それによって子育て中に、どのように小さい人間と接していくことが良いのかが書かれたものを読むきっかけが得られて良かった。さとった時点で手遅れではない、と信じこれから探して読もうと思った。


以下は自分の覚え書き、というかコピペ

What is the Montessori Method

"I have studied the child. I have taken what the child has given me and expressed it and that is what is called the Montessori method." Dr. Maria Montessori.
The Montessori Method is a way about thinking about who children are. It is a philosophy that respects the unique individuality of each child. Dr. Montessori believed in the worthiness, value and importance of children. Her method does not compare a child  to norms or standards that are measured by traditional educational systems. It is founded on the belief that children should be free to succeed and learn without restriction or criticism.
モンテソリ法とは、こどもたちとは何者ぞよ、ということを考える仕方でありそれぞれの子どもの個性を尊重する哲学である。モンテソリ先生はそれぞれのこどもにはそれぞれの価値があり重要性があると信じ、彼らはrestrictionや criticism なしで成功し学ぶべきである、と言っているけれど大人の私がどんな行為がrestrictionで criticism か分かっていないと、非常に難しいのね。

It is also an approach to education that takes to heart the needs, talents, gifts, and special individuality of each child. It is a process that helps children learn in their own way at their own pace. The main concept of Montessori is to promote the joy of learning. This joy of learning develops a well adjusted person who has a purpose and direction in his or her life. Children, who experience the joy of learning, are happy, confident, fulfilled children. In essence, Montessori helps bring forth the gift of each child.
こどもが自分のペースで自分自身で物事を学ぶことを助けるものである。子どもに学びは楽しいと思ってもらうことである。その楽しい気持ちは、子どもを自分の人生に自分なりの目的をもってどんな事にも順応が自分でできるように子どもをさせていく。

Another important skill it teaches is self-reliance and independence. It helps a child to become independent by teaching him or her life skills, which is called practical life. Montessori children learn to dress themselves, help cook, put their toys and clothes away and take an active part of their household, neighborhood and school.
自分で洋服を着たり料理を手伝ったり、おかたづけをしたり、家の中や外でのお仕事のおてつだいができる。
Montessori works in a methodical way. Each step in the process leads to the next level of learning. When a child plays, he or she is  learning concepts for abstract learning. Repetition of activities is an integral part of this learning process.
For young children Montessori is a hands on approach to learning. It encourages children to develop their observation skills by doing many types of activities. These activities include use of the five senses, kinetic movement, spatial refinement, small and large motor skill coordination, and concrete knowledge that leads to later abstraction.
モンテソリ学校で使うものは5感を使って感じることができるものを使用していて、それらのもので学ぶことは次の一つ上のステップで学ぶことに関連していて、観念付けて次の事が飲み込んでいける。
For a grade school child, Montessori encourages a child to proceed at his or her own pace onto abstract thinking, writing, reading, science, mathematics and most importantly, to absorb his or her culture and environment. Culture includes interaction with nature, art, music, religion, societal organizations and customs.
A Montessori teacher or instructor observes each child like a scientist, providing every child with an individual program for learning. Phoebe Child (Head of the Montessori trust in London) said "we must be prepared to wait patiently like a servant, to watch carefully like a scientist, and to understand through love and wonder like a saint."
Most of all, Montessori wanted to help free a child's mind to be unfettered to learn without any negative input. It is success oriented in that almost everything is self-teaching and self-correcting. The children learn by doing and by experimentation. The environment is specifically prepared for the children to allow them to interact with it freely and unfettered, everything is child sized, and safe for children to touch and use. In fact, Dr. Montessori called her center "The Children's House".
The main goal of Montessori is to provide a stimulating, child oriented environment that children can explore, touch, and learn without fear. An understanding parent or teacher is a large part of this child's world. The end result is to encourage life long learning, the joy of learning, and happiness about one's path and purpose in life.

引用ページ

ダンが帰ってきて言うには、モンテソリとはお金がかかる学校と言う意味だ、とのこと。
「うちモンテッソリの学校に行かせてますの」という親がいたら、金持ちねということらしい

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